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The twenty-first century will be the century of play
Brian Sutton-Smith

Lanier Graham
began his curatorial career at New York's Museum of Modern Art. While there, he played chess with Duchamp and dedicated his first book, CHESS SETS (1968) to him. He later served as Curator of the National Gallery of Australia, and Curator of the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California, where Duchamp had his first museum retrospective in 1963. It was in Pasadena at the NSM in 1991, that Graham used works from the 1963 retrospective as the nucleus for the widely respected exhibition “Impossible Realities: Marcel Duchamp & the Surrealist Tradition.” Graham has published a large number of articles, books, and catalogues on modern art and philosophy, as well as world art and sacred symbolism, including catalogues of the work of Monet, van Gogh, Guimard, Matisse, Ernst, Duchamp, and de Kooning. His profile appears in WHO'S WHO IN AMERICA and WHO'S WHO IN THE WORLD.

Werner Ruhnau
architect, urban planner, visual artist, stage director and designer. He became world famous for his Gelsenkirchen Musical Theater (1959) which was a coproduction with Yves Klein, Jean Tinguely, Norbert Kricke and a host of others. In the fifties, he also revived the medieval tradition of the “Bauhütte” where he and his collaborators spent the night. In 1972 he developed the concept of the Spielstrasse (play street) the overall artistic program of the Munich Olympics. It was an impressive venue for PlayArt, performing artists and game inventors that would engage the audience in a variety of creative play. It was also the first large-scale exposure to the new art form of PlayArt.

Leo Castelli
opened his first New York gallery in 1957; it showcased primarily European Surrealism and American Abstract Expressionism. From the mid-1960s to the 70s, the gallery was perhaps the most prominent venue for art in the world. Castelli introduced Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns to the art world. His artists were influential pioneers in the movements of Pop Art, Minimalism and Conceptual Art.
Castelli also pioneered a stipend system that was unknown in New York. He put his artists on a payroll whether or not their work sold. As an example, he offered Richard Serra a three-year guarantee of monthly payments, even though he did not expect to sell any of the artist’s work.

Jochen Boberg
art historian, cultural expert and museum consultant. He was the founder and director of Kulturprojekte Berlin, a department of the Berlin Senate for Culture and an organization responsible for 170 Museums in Berlin. In his capacity as the director, Boberg and his team organized virtually all cultural events in Berlin. Due to his initiatives, the organization invented, developed and promoted the idea of “Long Night” for museums, which has been adopted by numerous museums around the world. In addition to the editing of publications and catalogs, Boberg also published numerous articles in journals and wrote a series of books. For the project of building a PlayArt museum in Berlin, he assembled a team of experts and moved the idea from modest beginnings to the final approval by seven departments of the city administration.

Brian Sutton-Smith
Smith is one of the foremost play scholars of the last 100 years. His most recent book, The Ambiguity of Play (1997) stands alongside Johann Huizinga’s Homo Ludens (1938) and Roger Caillois’ Man, Play and Games (1961) as a touchstone of play theory. He wrote about 50 books and 350 scholarly articles on the subject of play. Brian has been the president of the Association for the Study of Play (TASP) and of the American Psychological Association, (Psychology and the Arts). He has received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Folklore Society, and additional awards from Lego and BRIO of Sweden and Denmark. Brian Sutton Smith was professor at Columbia University in New York and at the University of Pennsylvania.

Garry Chick
Chick is currently professor and head of the Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management with an additional appointment as professor of Cultural Anthropology at the Pennsylvania State University. He is past editor of the journal, Leisure Sciences and founding editor of Play & Culture, which is the journal of the Association for the Study of Play (TASP). For this journal he accepted my articles

  1. PlayArt: Evolution or Trivialization of Art (May, 1990)
  2. Zen and the Art of Playing (February, 1991)
Other academic appointments of Garry Chick are:
University of Illinois
University of Pittsburg
University of Wageningen, The Netherlands
West Virginia University

Some of his recent publications are: Leisure Constraints in six Chinese Cities (2012),
Culture, Leisure, and Creativity: Anthropological and Comparative Perspectives (2012).

Brian Sutton-Smith  |  Our Playful Culture  |  Museum Animation  |  PlayArt’s Cool Factor  |  Culture and Play in the Emirates

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